By Andrew Cox
The focal point of the publication is a dialogue of the adversary foundation of get together politics in Britain and its inimical effect on doable land guidelines because the moment international conflict. specific emphasis is put on the scope for, and foundation of coverage initiation through Conservative and Labour governments within the face of the cumulative social, monetary, bureaucratic and political constraints which impinge at the policy-making technique. Dr Cox argues that those constraints depart just a rather constrained room for manoeuvres via governments and that the majority of the post-war rules of Conservative and Labour governments were initiated in lack of knowledge of those constraints. hence, post-war guidelines have failed in implementation both by means of producing estate hypothesis or by means of hindering city improvement.
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Extra info for Adversary Politics and Land: The Conflict Over Land and Property Policy in Post-War Britain
It was, in part, the result of demands from town planning pressure groups - the TCP A and the TPI 3 6 - and from civil servants and politicians who had been responsible for administering the initial Special Areas schemes 37 for an inclusive approach to the problem of decline and unemployment. The commitment to a Royal Commission was testament to the influence and growing consensus amongst enlightened politicians and administrators that a social democratic solution was inevitable if the problems of the 1930s were to be resolved without recourse to a totally planned society.
The problem hinges on the divergent views that are held about the role of the state in relation to two different but interconnected issues. The first relates to the level at which the state should compensate landowners who lose their right to develop land or whose land is acquired, either by agreement or by compulsion, for essential public or 25 26 The problem and limits on policy initiation community purposes. 1 The compensation and betterment problem Differing policy prescriptions for the compensation and betterment problem have been formulated by the political parties mainly because there is no necessarily correct or equitable solution.
The Labour members of the government, in particular Ernest Bevin (at the Ministry of Labour), were unhappy that outright land nationalisation was not being agreed upon. 57 Anderson, a Conservative (at the Treasury), felt that landowners who had improved their land since 31st March 1939 should be compensated for this. 58 The Labour Party, generally, felt that full compensation at 1939 values was too high. The local authority associations agreed and wanted the 1939 values to be a ceiling rather than a standard so that they could try to compensate landowners at lower levels than the 1939 price.