Download Advances in Biofuel Production: Algae and Aquatic Plants by Barnabas Gikonyo PDF

By Barnabas Gikonyo

Due to their excessive development cost, algae, microalgae, and aquatic vegetation have gotten the main promising photosynthetic organisms for biofuel construction. Advances in Biofuel creation: Algae and Aquatic Plants explores present investigations and alertness of the fields of biofuel creation and bioengineering and considers from an international context the evolving tactics of algal biofuel creation. The booklet seems at how biomass, particularly sugars, nonedible plant fabrics, and algae (which are unique first, moment, and 3rd fuels respectively) are utilized in the construction of gasoline. The feasibility of such tasks, present methodologies, and the way to optimize biofuel construction are presented.

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3 HIGH DENSITY CULTIVATION OF MICROALGAE As simple photosynthetic organisms, microalgae can fix CO2 and synthesize organic compounds, such as lipids, proteins and carbohydrates in large amounts over short periods of time. Traditional methods of microalgae cultivation based on photoautotrophic mode have many shortcomings, among which low cell density is a major issue giving rise to low productivity, harvesting difficulty, associated high costs, and hence poor techno-economic performance. Therefore, a signficant effort towards commercializing microalgae biomass production is to develop high density cultivation processes.

50 g/L/day [46] Spirulina sp. 14 g/L/day [50] Spirulina sp. 22 g/L/day [50] Spirulina sp. 17 g/L/day [50] S. 04 g/L/day [50] S. 10 g/L/day [50] S. 4 COMPARISON OF OPEN PONDS AND PHOTOBIOREACTORS The two main methods of infrastructure considered suitable for cultivation of algae are open (raceway) ponds or photo-bioreactors (PBRs) [55], and are compared in Table 3. Raceway ponds are similar to oxidation ditches used in wastewater treatment systems being large, open basins of shallow depth and a length at least several times greater than that of the width.

19. D. Renewable fuels from algae: An answer to debatable land based fuels. Bioresour. Technol. 2011, 102, 10–16. 20. D. Mechanism and challenges in commercialisation of algal biofuels. Bioresour. Technol. 2011, 102, 26–34. 21. J. Fluorescent measurement of microalgal neutral lipids. J. Microbiol. Methods 2007, 68, 639–642. 22. A. Visualizing “green oil” in live algal cells. J. Biosci. Bioeng. 2010, 109, 198–201. 23. ; Bux, F. Bioprospecting for hyper-lipid producing microalgal strains for sustainable biofuel production.

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