Download A Peaceful Jihad: Negotiating Identity and Modernity in by R. Lukens-Bull PDF

By R. Lukens-Bull

In response to huge ethnographic examine, this ebook examines how the Islamic group in Java, Indonesia, is actively negotiating either modernity and culture within the contexts of nation-building, globalization, and a meant conflict of civilizations. The pesantren group, so-called since it is headquartered round an academic establishment known as the pesantren, makes use of schooling as a significant enviornment for facing globalization and the development and upkeep of an Indonesian Islamic id. despite the fact that, the community's efforts to combat with those concerns expand past schooling into the general public sphere often and in particular within the zone of management and politics. The case fabric is used to appreciate Muslim options and responses to civilizational touch and clash. students, expert readers, and complicated undergraduates attracted to Islam, spiritual schooling, the development of non secular id within the context of nationwide politics, and globalization will locate this paintings important.

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Eliade 1958:373). Tebu Ireng enjoys a special place in the pesantren milieu. It is referred to as the kiblat of the pesantren world. Kiblat literally means the direction of prayer, of which there in only one: toward the kabah in Mecca. Used metaphorically, the term kiblat suggests a number of possibilities: a pilgrimage site, an axis mundi, and a focal point. I argue here that in modern Indonesia, Tebu Ireng, a pesantren established by a famous Sufi Syehk (master) and fikih (Islamic law) scholar, 26 A PEACEFUL JIHAD 12% 11% 4% 12% 16% 12% Jombang Jakarta 33% E.

The landscape of Tebu Ireng proudly proclaims that both normative piety and mysticism must be part of modern life and Indonesian statehood, and it demands that they be placed firmly at the center. The Mosque In Islam, a mosque defines a community because it is the center of prayer, and praying together defines a community. The nature and shape of the mosque says something about the community. The mosque is of the distinctive three-tiered pagoda roof style found in Indonesia (Java and Lombok) and Kerala (Woodward 1989:55–56).

People visit graves to obtain barakah, which has existential qualities and thereby can linger in the body and is transmitted to the area around the tomb (Geertz 1968:49). The tombs of men (and sometimes women) possessing barakah form pilgrimage sites throughout Java and the rest of the Islamic world (Mottahedeh 1985:23; Okello Abungu 1994). In addition to the Prophet Muhammad (Schimmel 1991:167), this category includes famous kyai, the founders of Sufi orders, martyrs, and pious kings. Grave visitation (ziarah) is an important part of popular piety in Java (and elsewhere in the Islamic world).

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